Hindi in passports is yet another step towards imposing a single language on a multilingual India

Last fifteen days, the Union Minister of Foreign Affairs, sashimi Swaraj, a Hindi speaker, announced that now all the details of the passport of a citizen of the Indian Union will be in Hindi in addition to English. At present, the passport cover is Hindi for registration details, a note of “caution”, a presidential order printed on the passport and the various fields – Country code number type passport, name, nationality, sex , Date and place of birth, date and place of issue, date of expiration, name of the parent / spouse / guardian, address, age passport number, date and place of issue and file – They are all in Hindi. So, what is changing?

Now, the content provided in these fields will be Hindi in devanagari script. For example, the name and nickname of the passport holder in these fields will be printed in Hindi. This data is currently printed only in English.

To justify the introduction of Hindi and Hindi solely with English, Swaraj said: “All Arab countries have their passport in Arabic, Germany, in fact, Germany and Russia, in fact, in Russian. Why not. Hindi? ”

Swaraj said it made sense to people in areas where his party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, took over 70% of its seats in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, ie the Hindi-speaking states. However, this does not make sense to most Indians who do not speak Hindi. Hindi is the mother tongue of less than 30% of the citizens of India and who also after many independent languages ​​in such Hindi belt are counted as Hindi dialects, even when they are not.

So when Swaraj said “why can not we do it in Hindi?” The “we” does not represent all the citizens of India. “We” are the Hindi-speaking citizens of the Indian Union. By assimilating the minority with the rest of us, we erase any involvement that the rest of us, the majority, have a sense of “we”.

Compared to less than 30% of Hindi-speaking people in India, over 95% of people in Germany speak German as their mother tongue and over 96% of Russians speak Russian. That is why, when she compared India, Russia, Germany, she did not care, in the best Hindoutienne region of the Indian Union, or worse, that she wants Indian Union becomes. Majoritarianism is bad enough. A minority minority wife is a recipe for the crazy disaster out of the indignity that these ideologies are the non-Hindu linguistic nationalities of the Indian Union.

What is interesting, however, by the examples of German Swaraj in Germany and Russia in Russia is that it is understood that language makes a nation. But pushing this simple and evident understanding in the case of the Indian Union would mean sovereign nations in several languages. And this is where the harsh assertion and imposition of Hindi in the Hindi-speaking minority makes their power felt.

If Sushma Swaraj had looked away from these virtually monolingual nations to Sri Lanka, it would have been seen that Tamil together with Sinhala and English is engraved on the cover of the passport, although Sinhalese is the mother tongue of 74.9% people. He could study another multilingual training (it is difficult to call a nation) like Switzerland whose passport has five languages ​​(the Swiss population is 8.2 million, India is 1.311 million dollars). Therefore, feasibility is not a problem.

Iraq and roll: The Jewish sounds of Bollywood

The soft Oud of the ring is impossible to overlook in the soundtrack of Yahudi, Bollywood’s unlikely story that Bimal Roy performed in 1958 on the persecution of the Jews in ancient Rome.

The background score, composed by Shankar and Jaikishan, has a Middle Eastern country loosely and feel that the plot revolves and turns, often belongs to the versatile instrument Arabian chains to indicate swirling emotions.

As the murders are controlled, Dilip Kumar and Meena Kumari’s betrayals fall, sobs, sighs and sings to improve the mood on the screen. He could easily have descended on the kitsch. Perhaps the reason was not that the man who broke the strings, Isaac David knew the music of the Middle East.

David was a Jew himself and in the early years of the last century, he polished his art of playing with a game in Mumbai that recorded four discs of songs for the Hebrew label Iraqi Jews.

Some of these songs can be heard in a collection called Shir Hodu: Beans 30s Song Bombay, which offers a fascinating reminder of the city’s cosmopolitan heritage.

Published in 2009, the 15-track album files were rigorously selected by Sara Manasseh, a native Iraqi Jewish ethnomusicologist who now lives in London.

During the 1930s, Mumbai was a “musical kaleidoscope,” Manasses told his line of notes and coins including music and singing Jewish prayers in Hebrew.

In 2012, Manasés explains the historical and theoretical context of this music in a book entitled Shbahoth – Songs of Praise in the Jewish tradition of Babylon: from Baghdad to Bombay in London.

Mumbai has long housed three separate Jewish groups. The greater the Bene Israel, who believe that their ancestors were shipwrecked on the coast of Alibaug in 175 BC. 19th century, Iraqi Jewish traders – Manasese ancestors – flee from religious persecution began to move in the commercial capital.

This group became the Baghdad. In the 1930s, a small number of Jews from Cochin, whose ancestors came to Kerala in the tenth century BC. C., also lived in Mumbai.

Bene Israel and the Baghdads had vibrant musical traditions in the 1930s Bene Israel repertoire was the Marathi, drawing their themes from Psalms and other biblical sources.

Among the most important musicians in the community, Nathan Solomon Satamkar, a silent film actor who had established two music schools to provide instruction in instruments such as sitar and dilruba Manasés said.

The ears of Mumbai, the music of Baghdad have seemed much more exotic. Shir Hodu includes Museri Silman pieces, the group included “dancers balancing the candlesticks on the head,” Manasés told an e-mail interview.

He was also popular Mnashi Abu Moshe, a blind singer who sometimes entertained in the parties launched by the grandparents of Manasés. “He was going to sing popular Arab songs from Baghdad, and also improvise songs about people who were at the party,” Manasés said. “My grandmother would sit next to him and tell him he was there.”

Soon, some of these Jewish subjects were open to wider audiences. Among them was Habibi, who became Jata Hai Kahaan Diwaane in the CID film of 1956. (Listen now).

The Daily Fix: Supreme Court’s flipflop on city highways with liquor stores leads to fresh questions

The Supreme Court Tuesday held new positions in two cases of great importance that seemed to contradict the conclusions it had reached in the past, without any change in the facts.

In December last year, the court banned the operation of liquor stores and bars within 500 meters of highways. The reasoning, quite justified, was that a large number of liquor stores on national and state roads increased cases of drunken driving and life-threatening.

The court heard the matter for months and concluded that a ban on the sale of alcohol on roads would significantly reduce traffic accidents. Criticism followed the judgment, questions about whether a better policy or alcohol ban was a more effective way of reducing accidental deaths due to drunk driving.

There were also technical difficulties in enforcing the ban, as large cities also had roads through them. Several states and territories of the union, including Chandigarh, argued that the ban in the municipality affects the tourism sector.

One of the biggest concerns, not openly expressed by the States, was the loss of income from sales taxes on alcohol. In countries like Tamil Nadu, a huge income from the sale of alcohol, which is used to serve popular schemes of social protection.

That is why, even after announcing its intention to gradually introduce the ban, the government of Tamil Nadu managed to close 1000 only some of the nearly 9,000 liquor stores in the state after they announced the May 2016 policy.

But the Supreme Court did not raise the means to exclude motorways within the municipal boundaries of the ban. The court in December said:

“We see no rational basis for excluding sections of national highways and state highways that fall within the boundaries of a municipal or local authority (with a population of more than a stipulated number) under the proposed ban.

When a national or national highway passes through a city, city or by the jurisdiction of an area of local authority, it would completely negate the meaning and logic to allow the sale of alcoholic beverages along this stretch of road .

Such exclusion would be against the policy since the presence of liquor stores in such sections of a national or national road would allow drivers to replenish their stock of alcohol, resulting in a situation that policy seeks to avoid in the first ” .

However on Tuesday, the Supreme Court allowed state governments to deny highways within municipal boundaries, effectively denying the very purpose of the December order.

“We would have liked it if roads were in the nature of a road where traffic was fast. All roads are described in (the) city where there is no rapid movement,” said a presiding judge of India, JS Khehar, which clearly indicate that cities see a high incidence of traffic accidents.

In 2015, Chennai and Bangalore recorded more than 12,140 traffic accidents, resulting in more than 1,600 deaths. While deterioration is a technical aspect of the classification of roads, the court seems to have overlooked the fact that it would do very little to change the physical nature of these routes, which are generally turned out to be the main roads of Cities.

Anil Madhav Dave dies at 60: All-round environmentalist who worked for Narmada's conservation throughout his life

Anil Madhav Dave dies at 60: All-round environmentalist who worked for Narmada’s conservation throughout his life

In July 2012, Dave’s Anil Madhav wrote his will. He wanted to be cremated by the Narmada River after his death.
“My funerals are performed according to the Vedic rituals, and if possible, cremation is on the banks of the Narmada Bandrabhan River where Nadi Mahotsav was organized.If you want to enjoy my memories, plant trees and store them.My pleasure,” he said Dave, in a written will and signed before July 23, 2012.
It was not just a common wish. The Narmada River, regarded as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh, was the main focus of Dave, the Minister of State Environment Union, who died in New Delhi on Thursday at the age of 60. According to his wishes, he would be cremated to 9 years. I’m Bandrabhan in Madhya Pradesh on Friday.
There are only three days one of the most important recent events associated with the Narmada River reached a peak of its origin in Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh. David must have been satisfied with the conclusion of “Namami Devi Narmada Sewa Yatra” of 148 days covering 1100 villages and a distance of 3 350 km – a circumambulation the way of the river, from its origin to its encounter with the sea by thousands of Predecessor Narendra Modi unveiled a plan for the conservation of Narmada in the Amarkantak May 15 – the day ends Sewa Yatra.
Dave has advised the Government of Madhya Pradesh on the conservation of the Narmada River, considered the state lifeline, and the plan was the result of that.
It was, after all, a cause that was close to the heart of David. From the earliest advocates of river preservation and an expert in the field, he founded the NGO ‘Narmada Samagra’ to help save the river from pollution and other forms of exploitation.
The connection with Narmada Dave was not only a breast activist, but he was much more emotional than imagined. Many do not know that the river for him was a symbol of their faith, which deeply loved entity. He proceeded to circumambulation river walk through rafting and fly around it – he was a private pilot licensed and flew a plane around the Narmada parikram in a single air that lasted 18 hours.

Exclusive: Read Excerpts From Sita: Warrior of Mithila by Amish Tripathi

Exclusive: Read Excerpts From Sita: Warrior of Mithila by Amish Tripathi

Through this exclusive agreement with Westland Ltd, Network18 Digital brings you a brand new concept in book publishing! Every day Network18 digital publish a small selection of about 600 words from Amish’s upcoming book, Sita – Mithila Warrior. See those little daily extracts that make up a series until the book launch May 29th But note that this extreme series May 29th Keep these excerpts from every day for the next 13 days will amount to a little less Of 4 chapters, as an aperitif. While the food is in the book! And it will be available May 29th You can pre-book Sita – Mithila Warrior by clicking on the links at the end of this brief summary. Surnaina clearly ignored the beam behind the vulture. Concentrate on the massive bird, which began to unravel a mellow and relaxing melody. The vulture seemed to fade a little. He withdrew his claws. Grunt reduced in volume and intensity.
Sunaina stepped forward. Gently. Little by little. Once she lowered her head and put the bowl of water attached to the birds. Then he backed away too slowly. She spoke in a melodious voice. “I came to help … trust me …”
The stupid beast understands the tone of the human. He complained to drink water, but instead fell to the ground. Sunaina ran and bowed her head to the bird now, caressing softly. The boy, wrapped in a rich cloth of red color with black stripes, weeping desperately. She motioned for a soldier to collect the precious prize while continuing to calm the bird. What a handsome baby, stuck Janak, as he leaned his large rigid frame and approached his wife, his eyes usually as far as but separated full of love and attention.
Janak and Sunaina were sitting in temporarily installed chairs. The baby was sleeping comfortably in Sunaina’s arm, slipped into a soft cotton cloth. A massive umbrella they shade the hot sun. The actual doctor examined the baby and a wound was placed on the right temple with herbs and neem leaves.

Austrian troops may stop Italy migrants at Brenner Pass

Austrian troops may stop Italy migrants at Brenner Pass

Austrian troops may stop Italy migrants at Brenner Pass

Austria is ready to deploy troops and armor at the Brenner Pass – a border crossing with Italy – if the influx of immigrants into Italy continues to grow.

Defense Minister Hans Peter Doskozil announced the measures in an interview with the Austrian newspaper Kronen Zeitung.

He said four Pandur armored vehicles had been sent to the Tyrol region and that 750 soldiers were on alert.

Austria has established its borders with Hungary. But in other places, it adheres to the system of opening of the borders of the EU.

Mr. Doskozil said a military deployment at the Brenner Pass would be “essential so that the influx of Italy [across the Mediterranean] does not diminish.”

The gangs of people smugglers exploited violence and chaos in Libya. The shortest journey from Libya to Italy is about 460 kilometers (290 miles).

Italy warned that the current arrivals of migrants is unsustainable and could even close their ports and salvage ships to prevent aid agencies.

The Schengen system – free movement on most European borders – has been overwhelmed by the influx of immigrants and refugees by 2015.
They reached central Europe through the Balkans – and the most sought after asylum in Germany. Since then, controls closer to the borders in the Balkans have reduced the number to the north of Greece.

Most of the influx was in Austria by Hungary. Many of those who arrived by train or on foot were refugees from Syria, Iraq and other areas of conflict.
Brenner’s passage is now considered a potential point of migration, as the influx to Italy so far this year is greater than last year.

Around 85 000 migrants and refugees have arrived in Italy in the first half of this year, across the Mediterranean.

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, said about 20% of the first half of 2016. More than 2,000 people died trying to reach Italy.

Note on Terminology: The BBC uses the term “migrant” to refer to all persons on the move who have not yet completed the legal process asylum application.

This group includes people from war torn countries like Syria, who are prone to refugee status fleeing, and people seeking employment and a better life, which governments are prone to reign are economic migrants.

Elton John bomb plotter Haroon Syed jailed for life

Elton John bomb plotter Haroon Syed jailed for life

Elton John bomb plotter Haroon Syed jailed for life

A 19-year-old man has been jailed for life for planning a bomb attack that may have targeted an Elton John concert or Oxford Street in central London.
Haroon Syed, of west London, admitted preparing acts of terrorism after trying to source weapons including a suicide bomb and machine gun.
He was caught after approaching MI5 officers, who were posing as a fellow extremist, via social media.
Syed was sentenced to a minimum of 16 years and six months.
Last year, his brother was jailed for life for plotting to behead someone on Remembrance Sunday.
Judge Michael Topolski QC said Syed wanted to carry out “an act of mass murder” and therefore a discretionary life sentence was warranted.
‘Do martyrdom’
Prosecutors say Syed’s plans ranged from becoming a suicide bomber to staging a gun attack, and while he initially boasted of working with others, those people did not materialise.
Instead, over the summer of last year, he made increasingly urgent efforts to secure weaponry.
After he went online looking for help, a purported jihadist fighting overseas, known only as Abu Isa, introduced him to another extremist going by the name Abu Yusuf.
This second man was, in fact, a group of MI5 officers who were playing the role of a jihadist in what became weeks of social media chat with Syed.
Teen admits planning ‘London bomb attack’
Duncan Penny QC, prosecuting, told the Old Bailey there was initially some “suspicion on both sides” before Abu Yusuf concluded that Syed was a “committed brother” he could deal with.
Syed then began talking about his aspirations and gave his contact a shopping list, saying he wanted “do martyrdom” after first causing “damage” with a machine gun.
“Can you get the gear?” asked Syed. “You will be involved right?
“Two things. Number one, machine gun and we need someone who can make a vest you know the dugma [button] one. So after some damage with machine gun then do itishadi [martyrdom] … that’s what I’m planning to do.”
The undercover officer told Syed guns were expensive – but he might be able to get someone to build a bomb. Syed floated the idea of going to fight overseas with his new-found friend – but revealed his passport had been cancelled by the authorities.
He tried and failed twice to get fraudulent loans of thousands of pounds to cover the cost of firearms – and eventually agreed to meet his contact in a coffee shop in Slough, Berkshire, to finalise an alternative plan.
Haroon Syed
Image caption
The 19-year-old admitted preparing acts of terrorism
Over two meetings, he talked about his aspirations and then handed over £150, asking for a bomb packed with nails. The conversation was secretly recorded.
“I was thinking of Oxford Street,” he told his contact. “If you put those things inside called nails, do you know what that is, nails? Those sharp things – lots of them inside.
“Good man, can’t wait akhi [brother]. If I go to prison, I go to prison. If I die, I die, you understand? I have got to get to Jannah [heaven].”
The undercover officer later told Syed a “bomb-making brother” would have the device ready within days – and the suspect went online to narrow his list of targets.
His web searches included “packed places in London” and “Elton John, Hyde Park, 11 September” – a major concert hosted by BBC Radio 2 which also featured Status Quo and Madness.
‘ISIS’ password
Prosecutors say Syed’s character had begun to change outwardly in late 2014, coinciding with the growing support among British extremists for the self-styled Islamic State group.
During the course of the investigation, detectives found his web searches jumped about as he tried to satisfy himself that an attack on civilians was theologically justifiable.
One of his last searches, a week before his arrest, was: “How can I stop being upset about the UK killing innocent Syrians and get on with my day?”
When counter-terrorist detectives arrested him in September and asked him for the password for his phone, he replied: “ISIS – you like that?”
Syed’s was one of 18 terror plots to have been foiled since 2013.
Mitigating, Mark Summers QC said it was a “crude, ill-thought-out” plan made at the behest of others.

The court heard Syed had fallen under the influence of members of banned extremist group Al-Muhajiroun, and that he now publicly rejected his past beliefs and condemned the recent bomb attack in Manchester.

No ‘specific agenda,’ but Trump, Putin have lots to discuss

No ‘specific agenda,’ but Trump, Putin have lots to discuss

No ‘specific agenda,’ but Trump, Putin have lots to discuss

WASHINGTON – The first face-to-face meeting with President Donald Trump Russian President Vladimir Poutine this week is going to be overwhelmed with global intrigues, but the White House says there is no specific agenda. So, in the absence of a number of issues, we are two of the most famous world leaders to discuss unpredictable?

Trump, who prefers to have carefully packaged achievements to pair with high-level meetings, perhaps in search of some concessions to Russia to prove that he made progress and helps restore a productive relationship between the two powers. Putin certainly wants something in return, and there is a long list of irritants between the two countries that they could solve.

Following the meeting, the White House National Security Council and State Department officials discussed possible actions that the United States could offer Russia within the framework of the meeting, said a former and former administration official. They were not allowed to comment publicly and ask for anonymity.
However, any external sign of cordiality between Trump and Putin immediately captured by critics of the president and the Russian hawks eager to show surrounding the Russian leader. Ongoing investigations into Russia’s interference in the US election and potential Trump collusion campaign will not be far from anyone’s mind.

The two leaders will sit in Hamburg, Germany, under the Group of 20. Before the meeting, Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak met in Washington on Monday to prepare US diplomat 3, Thomas Shannon.
Trump has been reluctant to publicly and directly recognize the role of Russia in the interference of US elections, by an apparent concern, undermines the legitimacy of his victory. He also insisted there was no collusion with him or his campaign, a finding that US investigators have yet to reach.

US officials say Russia has attempted to hack into electoral systems in 21 states and influence the Trump elections, a level of interference in the US political system that security experts are a high-level threat must carry out a Blunt response from the United States. Deny this.
There is no indication that Trump is considering increasing Russia’s interference in the meeting. However, if it does not, it will give fuel to critics who say that Trump openly ignores a major threat to national security. It could also encourage those who say that Trump is trying to cover the Russians after enjoying their interference.

5 reasons why Israel matters to India

5 reasons why Israel matters to India

5 reasons why Israel matters to India

NEW DELHI: Defense, agriculture, trade, diplomacy and water management will dominate the talks during the current visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Israel – the first prime minister of India to visit the Jewish homeland.

In addition to his official official commitments, Modi is also expected to meet Moshe Holtzberg, a survivor of the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attack in Mumbai 2008. Moshe was two years old when the attack occurred.

“Before the visit, the two countries have prepared a joint economic enterprises roadmap,” Haaretz said June 29, 2017.

“The Israeli cabinet approved a 23-page document pursuing dozens of bilateral measures and a budget of 280 million NIS (about $ 79.6 million, or Rs 514 crore) – a larger sum than Israel has never restricted to China, Africa and Latin America. No less than 11 departments participated in the preparation of the program.
India is the main destination for arms exports to Israel, buying 41 percent of exports between 2012 and 2016, according to the Stockholm International Research Institute for Peace, an independent international research institute and conflict.

Israel is the third largest source of arms in India, with a share of 7.2 percent in imports between 2012 and 2016, alongside the United States (14 percent) and Russia (68 percent).

Early indications of cooperation came during the 1962 Sino-Indian War, while Israel was providing military aid from India. Israel has also aided India during the wars with Pakistan in 1965 and 1971.

India rebuilt during the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel providing spare parts for French Mystere and Hurricane aircraft and AX-13 tanks (also made in France).

The emphasis on partnership was the provision of Israeli artillery shells during the Kargil war in 1999, while India faced a shortage.

In the late 1990s, a critical defense contract was purchased by Barak, an Indian, one air defense missile, purchased specifically for its ability to intercept Harpoon missiles manufactured in the United States deployed by Pakistan.

Indian imports of unarmed UAVs were almost all of Israeli origin. In 176 unmanned aerial vehicles purchased from Israel, 108 are unmanned aerial vehicles. UAV Searcher and Heron are 68.
In April 2017, India and Israel have signed a $ 2 billion for medium-range surface missile system, which will provide the Indian Army the opportunity to shoot down aircraft, missiles and drones distances of up to 70 km.

In September 2016, tests were conducted on surface-to-air long range missiles developed along with a range of 70 km, designed to equip three guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy.

India has successfully tested the air-surface missile in SPYDER’s rapid response from Israel in May this year. The Indian Air Force (IAF) plans to implement this system on its western border.

India and Israel also cooperate closely in the fight against terrorism problems through a joint working group in the fight against terrorism.

Several official ministerial and senior Israeli visits preceded the Modi tour. These were visits by Interior Minister LK Advani in 2000, former APJ President Abdul Kalam in 2008, Interior Minister Rajnath Singh in 2014, President Pranab Mukherjee in 2015 and Minister of Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj in 2016.

Three ships of the Indian Navy, destroyer INS Mumbai, INS Trishul and frigate INS Aditya cistern made a goodwill visit to the port of Haifa in May 2017 to mark the 25 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

In Lofty Versailles Speech, Macron Tells the French to Prepare for Change

In Lofty Versailles Speech, Macron Tells the French to Prepare for Change

In Lofty Versailles Speech, Macron Tells the French to Prepare for Change

PARIS – By stating that citizens had a “thirst for overwhelming renewal,” President Emmanuel Macron urged French lawmakers to vote Monday on “gravity of the circumstances,” warning against fear and cynicism led by poverty, Terrorism, new forms of work and ecological change.

The new president has launched as much as an agent of change that France wanted and as a bulwark against his country a new uncertain world order.

Mr. Macron said very little since his election on May 7, cultivating a kind of mystery about his exact intentions. It broke this mid-season on Monday in a speech that lasted more than an hour in a rare joint session of the French parliament in Versailles.

He set a high standard for his five-year term, giving a tone but largely avoiding the details.

Instead, the president returned to the campaign mode: an extended and high-flying speech, centered largely on the quasi-mystical relationship of ordinary citizens to political power. This relationship was damaged, he suggested.
For Macron split in France, the success is wide. But how? 12 JUIN 2017
Along the way, which has widespread, with moralists praise for France’s cultural heritage, a petition for the “fair and humane” treatment of refugees, the implementation of a less technological and semi-sought European Union hidden in the States United under President Trump when he warned against such “democracies, old allies, now threatening the established order.”

By American Expression standards, it was abstract. But Mr Macron was a point: the French citizens demanded changes after years of stagnation, had to change and it was man to do so.

“This is nothing less than the elimination between the French and Republic citizens, the relationship has dissolved within the framework of the mechanical exercise of energy,” Macron said.

“A contractual relationship,” he added. “Efficiency, representativeness and accountability, I want the emergence of a contractual republic.”

“Our democracy nourishes itself in action and in our capacity to change what is daily and real,” he said. “It’s not five years of adjustment and the half-measures we have before us,” said Mr. Macron. The French “waiting for a deep transformation.”

First, it was proposed to reduce by a third body that heard, the French swollen parliament of 900 members. He then told lawmakers that they had less regulation.

“We are going to put an end to the proliferation of legislation,” he said, which was not compatible with the changing economy and society that confronts France.

This motive was consistent with the disdain that Mr. Macron has shown since the beginning of the world of conventional French politics.
“The French showed their impatience with a political world made up of hollow sterile disputes and ambitions in which we have lived so far,” he said Monday.

Surveys show that the French are now more optimistic than they were in recent years. Mr. Macron wanted to encourage optimism about the future Monday.

France was asked to become “the center of a new humanist project for the world,” informing citizens to beware of “cynicism that remains at home.”

He added, “And that’s all we need to close it, day after day.”

He entered the French press, which he has largely avoided since his election, calling for “putting an end to these men hunting” to “the unceasing pursuit of scandal” and a “frenzy of shame for us” – and it has already cost several Ministers contaminated by the potential for financial misconduct.

“This year he probably would not have been elected except by revelations in the media about a power-deflecting scandal affecting his main rival, center-right politician François Fillon.