Hindi in passports is yet another step towards imposing a single language on a multilingual India

Last fifteen days, the Union Minister of Foreign Affairs, sashimi Swaraj, a Hindi speaker, announced that now all the details of the passport of a citizen of the Indian Union will be in Hindi in addition to English. At present, the passport cover is Hindi for registration details, a note of “caution”, a presidential order printed on the passport and the various fields – Country code number type passport, name, nationality, sex , Date and place of birth, date and place of issue, date of expiration, name of the parent / spouse / guardian, address, age passport number, date and place of issue and file – They are all in Hindi. So, what is changing?

Now, the content provided in these fields will be Hindi in devanagari script. For example, the name and nickname of the passport holder in these fields will be printed in Hindi. This data is currently printed only in English.

To justify the introduction of Hindi and Hindi solely with English, Swaraj said: “All Arab countries have their passport in Arabic, Germany, in fact, Germany and Russia, in fact, in Russian. Why not. Hindi? ”

Swaraj said it made sense to people in areas where his party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, took over 70% of its seats in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, ie the Hindi-speaking states. However, this does not make sense to most Indians who do not speak Hindi. Hindi is the mother tongue of less than 30% of the citizens of India and who also after many independent languages ​​in such Hindi belt are counted as Hindi dialects, even when they are not.

So when Swaraj said “why can not we do it in Hindi?” The “we” does not represent all the citizens of India. “We” are the Hindi-speaking citizens of the Indian Union. By assimilating the minority with the rest of us, we erase any involvement that the rest of us, the majority, have a sense of “we”.

Compared to less than 30% of Hindi-speaking people in India, over 95% of people in Germany speak German as their mother tongue and over 96% of Russians speak Russian. That is why, when she compared India, Russia, Germany, she did not care, in the best Hindoutienne region of the Indian Union, or worse, that she wants Indian Union becomes. Majoritarianism is bad enough. A minority minority wife is a recipe for the crazy disaster out of the indignity that these ideologies are the non-Hindu linguistic nationalities of the Indian Union.

What is interesting, however, by the examples of German Swaraj in Germany and Russia in Russia is that it is understood that language makes a nation. But pushing this simple and evident understanding in the case of the Indian Union would mean sovereign nations in several languages. And this is where the harsh assertion and imposition of Hindi in the Hindi-speaking minority makes their power felt.

If Sushma Swaraj had looked away from these virtually monolingual nations to Sri Lanka, it would have been seen that Tamil together with Sinhala and English is engraved on the cover of the passport, although Sinhalese is the mother tongue of 74.9% people. He could study another multilingual training (it is difficult to call a nation) like Switzerland whose passport has five languages ​​(the Swiss population is 8.2 million, India is 1.311 million dollars). Therefore, feasibility is not a problem.

After American television shows, Natania Lalwani is bringing her pop earworms to Bollywood

At a party held at the Penthouse Tim Mitchell Shakira in Miami last year, Natania Lalwani and her writing partner, Asha Madhukar wrote a song entitled Sober. Improvised creation was inspired by a text message from a friend who has just been broken.

“The text says something along the lines of” do not say it’s over until we’re sobriques “and I fell in love with this concept,” Lalwani said.

Lalwani and Madhukar performed the song live for Mitchell’s guests. “We played the song about 60 times in the loop while drinking wine on a Miami roof, so the top of the song we had written was an incredible night of music,” said Lalwani.

Relatively unknown in the pop scene in India and Bollywood music, Lalwani carves an identity in the American music industry for five years. She began recording her debut album, Hope and Anxiety, in 2012 when she was still at the Berklee Music School in Boston, but it is her first hit, Cherry Love (2012), which was aired on VH1 channel Lalwani music realized that it could do great.

Since then, Lalwani songs have begun to emerge in unexpected places: in recent years, their slopes have been made in the United States of X Factor, Open night with Seth Myers, Born This Way, teenage mom and Big Brother. The song, when it was young sung by Black Neo and written by Lalwani, reached its maximum point in the number three in the lists of Spotify of the United States and Global Viral.

Lalwani also writes music specifically for documentaries, including the series I Am Cait, which recounts the life of Caitlyn Jenner after her transitional class. Recently, the young man of 24 years wrote the music for the official trailer heart of Man, a document of fiction inspired by the faith.

The Lalwani style adheres to the pop-ear success formula of artists such as Taylor Swift, Katy Perry and Miley Cyrus: their songs are mainly about heart matters, they have rhythms, catchy melodies and saccharine words. Lalwani does not preclude experiment incorporating indie pop influences and electronic dance music into his music, and even scored a darker sound of his last prisoner.

It is already a return to a lighter one, with influences of EDM. “Cherry love was very independent songwriter and innocent, the last song, prisoner, was dark and heavy trap, but it is already warm and luminous. I always change and grew as a human being and still want to be reflected in my art as My greatest hope is to be as real and authentic as possible.

Music plays an important role in Lalwani’s life from an early age. “My mother listened to many English artists like Cat Stevens, Simon & Garfunkel, Whitney Houston, Stevie Wonder, so she grew up listening to many of these artists,” Lalwani said. “The music was always around the house and I always have my helmet, which was a nuisance for the rest of my family.”

She received her first formal training in music under the stoppages of the Coral Ensemble in Mumbai, one of India’s most prestigious choirs and later studied music at the Berklee before moving to the Musician Institute in Los Angeles.

According to Lalwani, his music is inspired by the “details of any emotion.” “The subtleties of sadness or happiness, it’s beautiful to me. I always think it’s so cool that you can write an entire song three minutes based on a fleeting feeling or a moment and that lasts forever,” he said.

Iraq and roll: The Jewish sounds of Bollywood

The soft Oud of the ring is impossible to overlook in the soundtrack of Yahudi, Bollywood’s unlikely story that Bimal Roy performed in 1958 on the persecution of the Jews in ancient Rome.

The background score, composed by Shankar and Jaikishan, has a Middle Eastern country loosely and feel that the plot revolves and turns, often belongs to the versatile instrument Arabian chains to indicate swirling emotions.

As the murders are controlled, Dilip Kumar and Meena Kumari’s betrayals fall, sobs, sighs and sings to improve the mood on the screen. He could easily have descended on the kitsch. Perhaps the reason was not that the man who broke the strings, Isaac David knew the music of the Middle East.

David was a Jew himself and in the early years of the last century, he polished his art of playing with a game in Mumbai that recorded four discs of songs for the Hebrew label Iraqi Jews.

Some of these songs can be heard in a collection called Shir Hodu: Beans 30s Song Bombay, which offers a fascinating reminder of the city’s cosmopolitan heritage.

Published in 2009, the 15-track album files were rigorously selected by Sara Manasseh, a native Iraqi Jewish ethnomusicologist who now lives in London.

During the 1930s, Mumbai was a “musical kaleidoscope,” Manasses told his line of notes and coins including music and singing Jewish prayers in Hebrew.

In 2012, Manasés explains the historical and theoretical context of this music in a book entitled Shbahoth – Songs of Praise in the Jewish tradition of Babylon: from Baghdad to Bombay in London.

Mumbai has long housed three separate Jewish groups. The greater the Bene Israel, who believe that their ancestors were shipwrecked on the coast of Alibaug in 175 BC. 19th century, Iraqi Jewish traders – Manasese ancestors – flee from religious persecution began to move in the commercial capital.

This group became the Baghdad. In the 1930s, a small number of Jews from Cochin, whose ancestors came to Kerala in the tenth century BC. C., also lived in Mumbai.

Bene Israel and the Baghdads had vibrant musical traditions in the 1930s Bene Israel repertoire was the Marathi, drawing their themes from Psalms and other biblical sources.

Among the most important musicians in the community, Nathan Solomon Satamkar, a silent film actor who had established two music schools to provide instruction in instruments such as sitar and dilruba Manasés said.

The ears of Mumbai, the music of Baghdad have seemed much more exotic. Shir Hodu includes Museri Silman pieces, the group included “dancers balancing the candlesticks on the head,” Manasés told an e-mail interview.

He was also popular Mnashi Abu Moshe, a blind singer who sometimes entertained in the parties launched by the grandparents of Manasés. “He was going to sing popular Arab songs from Baghdad, and also improvise songs about people who were at the party,” Manasés said. “My grandmother would sit next to him and tell him he was there.”

Soon, some of these Jewish subjects were open to wider audiences. Among them was Habibi, who became Jata Hai Kahaan Diwaane in the CID film of 1956. (Listen now).

GST effect: The agitation over high tax rates for Tamil films is a sign of things to come

Cinema is sacrosanct in South India, and film ticket prices are even higher. This is why Tamil Nadu is in a strange dilemma and observed a temporary ban on new versions until the problems created by the imposition of the tax on goods and services are eliminated.

The maintenance of a price of the entrances in the roof is a pan-south phenomenon of India and has been historically a politically sensible subject. However, the film industry in the South had begun to discuss the increase in prices of regional film tickets to coincide with the new slabs imposed by the GST from 1 July.

The new tax places 18-28% of the ticket prices in the country. Tamil Nadu is about to have an additional tax due to its state government. Contrary to the rule “One nation, one tax,” the government of Edappadi Palaniswamy imposed an additional local tax of 30% on the theaters.

Between GST and local tax levels in Tamil Nadu rose 5%, the highest in any state in the country. The question is whether ticket prices in a state known for their protectionist policies would seriously have a choice but to be lifted.

“Maybe they will, maybe they will not,” said Scroll.an Abirami Ramanathan, Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce’s film in Tamil Nadu. The room I hope the state government will eliminate the local tax. At least 1 060 screens in Tamil Nadu were closed after the Tamil Nadu Film Chamber has asked to stop on July 3.

“We welcome a common tax for the country, what we are against is the local body tax by 30%,” said Hindu Archana Kalpathi, CEO of AGS Cinemas. “Considering that we have a cap on ticket prices, we can not pass on taxes to the public. If theaters must pay movie entrance taxes, which greatly reduces the share of producers and Such a tax is a blow. ”

In a statement, actor and producer Kamal Haasan criticized the government of Tamil Nadu, accusing him of what is impossible cinema. “Neighboring states like Kerala have completely given up taking over state tax on film beyond the GST,” Haasan said.

“The film industry has asked Mr. CM Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan and he, through his Finance Minister, has quickly announced that Kerala has more taxes on trade and movie buffs. Karnataka was in addition to facilitating the well-being of the film industry. cinema.

Telangana and Andhra also do the best for their film industries. Only Tamil Nadu Government. This led to 30%. “Haasan is partly simply by observing other southern states do not foresee an additional tax. However, each of them addresses the impact of the GST on regional cinema.

No one wants the highest ticket rates, especially in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Telangana, which have historically benefited from the lowest prices through their respective governments. GST, tax exemption granted animation for movie theaters were canceled local in the south.

This means that the filmmakers have to pay more than any before watching movies in Karnataka’s movie theaters, for example. The same situation prevails in Tamil Nadu and Telangana. Even before the additional tax, the maximum price of tickets that was already discussed in Tamil Nadu.

Producers and exhibitors had already started discussing the increase in ticket prices since 1 July. Before GST, ticket prices were limited at Rs 50 for individual screens and Rs 120 for multiplex with three or more screens.

The Daily Fix: Supreme Court’s flipflop on city highways with liquor stores leads to fresh questions

The Supreme Court Tuesday held new positions in two cases of great importance that seemed to contradict the conclusions it had reached in the past, without any change in the facts.

In December last year, the court banned the operation of liquor stores and bars within 500 meters of highways. The reasoning, quite justified, was that a large number of liquor stores on national and state roads increased cases of drunken driving and life-threatening.

The court heard the matter for months and concluded that a ban on the sale of alcohol on roads would significantly reduce traffic accidents. Criticism followed the judgment, questions about whether a better policy or alcohol ban was a more effective way of reducing accidental deaths due to drunk driving.

There were also technical difficulties in enforcing the ban, as large cities also had roads through them. Several states and territories of the union, including Chandigarh, argued that the ban in the municipality affects the tourism sector.

One of the biggest concerns, not openly expressed by the States, was the loss of income from sales taxes on alcohol. In countries like Tamil Nadu, a huge income from the sale of alcohol, which is used to serve popular schemes of social protection.

That is why, even after announcing its intention to gradually introduce the ban, the government of Tamil Nadu managed to close 1000 only some of the nearly 9,000 liquor stores in the state after they announced the May 2016 policy.

But the Supreme Court did not raise the means to exclude motorways within the municipal boundaries of the ban. The court in December said:

“We see no rational basis for excluding sections of national highways and state highways that fall within the boundaries of a municipal or local authority (with a population of more than a stipulated number) under the proposed ban.

When a national or national highway passes through a city, city or by the jurisdiction of an area of local authority, it would completely negate the meaning and logic to allow the sale of alcoholic beverages along this stretch of road .

Such exclusion would be against the policy since the presence of liquor stores in such sections of a national or national road would allow drivers to replenish their stock of alcohol, resulting in a situation that policy seeks to avoid in the first ” .

However on Tuesday, the Supreme Court allowed state governments to deny highways within municipal boundaries, effectively denying the very purpose of the December order.

“We would have liked it if roads were in the nature of a road where traffic was fast. All roads are described in (the) city where there is no rapid movement,” said a presiding judge of India, JS Khehar, which clearly indicate that cities see a high incidence of traffic accidents.

In 2015, Chennai and Bangalore recorded more than 12,140 traffic accidents, resulting in more than 1,600 deaths. While deterioration is a technical aspect of the classification of roads, the court seems to have overlooked the fact that it would do very little to change the physical nature of these routes, which are generally turned out to be the main roads of Cities.

AAP crisis: Satyendra Jain files defamation case against Kapil Mishra

AAP crisis: Satyendra Jain files defamation case against Kapil Mishra

Infectious internal struggles in Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) show no signs of slowing, while Health Minister Satyendra Jain presented a criminal defamation lawsuit on Friday, Minister Kapil Mishra.
Jain has also filed a lawsuit against the Bharatiya Janata Party member (BJP) -Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) M S Manjinder Sirsa Tis Hazari in court here. This morning, Mishra took the fight against Kejriwal to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and filed a lawsuit against the first of the financial irregularities.
Mishra said that the tax authorities began investigating allegations made by him against false companies registered with the AAP Shivcharan Goyal MP. Mishra told the media: “The revenue tax service has initiated investigations against false companies registered with the AAP MP Shivcharan Goyal.” Mishra requested the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to present evidence of corruption against Arvind Kejriwal. Mishra also claimed that for three consecutive years, black money turns white and was spent for trips to AAP leaders abroad. “AAP has not informed some of its funds received fake companies,” he said.
Mishra has pointed out Kejriwal and found that 16 companies have money deposited in naughty bank accounts in AAP value. “These fake companies are registered in the name of AAP MLA Moti Nagar, Shivcharan Goyal.These companies have given Rs 2 million rupees to Kejriwal.The funds received from these companies were sent to the same branch of the Axis Bank where there were black accusations of conversion Of white money when the demonetization, “he added.

Coal Scam: Former Coal Secretary, 2 Bureaucrats Convicted By CBI Court

Coal Scam: Former Coal Secretary, 2 Bureaucrats Convicted By CBI Court

NEW DELHI: Former coal secretary, HC Gupta, is one of three former officials found guilty of corruption in a fraud case by a CBI special court today.
The case involving the assignment of a coal mining block in Madhya Pradesh to a private company is the first case in which government officials were killed in a guilty coal-fraud case.
The other two are presumed guilty KS Kropha, who was Deputy Secretary of the Coal Ministry and KC Samria, who was a director responsible for the allocation of coal.
M. Gupta, 69, was coal secretary for two years under the UPA government led by Congress before retiring in 2008. As a man who chaired the selection committee who authorized the at least 40 cases Of coal rights, he is accused of playing the role of the massive scam was rated coal.
The former high-level bureaucrat was accused of not following a sales system with the transparent auction and causing tens of millions of losses to taxpayers. He was transferred to a maximum of eight cases.
M. Gupta asked the court for joint evidence of cases against him, citing his age and precarious finances. But his request was rejected because the court said the cases were at different stages.
Last year headlines came to a head when he tearfully testified in CBI courts that he would rather be a prison trial rather than being released on bail since he could no longer afford his legal defence. He said that his “inner voice” told him “God wants me to be in jail.” He then withdrew his request for cancellation of the deposit.
During arguments in court, M. Gupta had stated that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had given “final approval” in the case. The IWC, however, rebutted its claim and said that Dr Singh, who also held the Ministry’s coal portfolio at that time was “kept in the dark” and cheated.

Anil Madhav Dave dies at 60: All-round environmentalist who worked for Narmada's conservation throughout his life

Anil Madhav Dave dies at 60: All-round environmentalist who worked for Narmada’s conservation throughout his life

In July 2012, Dave’s Anil Madhav wrote his will. He wanted to be cremated by the Narmada River after his death.
“My funerals are performed according to the Vedic rituals, and if possible, cremation is on the banks of the Narmada Bandrabhan River where Nadi Mahotsav was organized.If you want to enjoy my memories, plant trees and store them.My pleasure,” he said Dave, in a written will and signed before July 23, 2012.
It was not just a common wish. The Narmada River, regarded as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh, was the main focus of Dave, the Minister of State Environment Union, who died in New Delhi on Thursday at the age of 60. According to his wishes, he would be cremated to 9 years. I’m Bandrabhan in Madhya Pradesh on Friday.
There are only three days one of the most important recent events associated with the Narmada River reached a peak of its origin in Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh. David must have been satisfied with the conclusion of “Namami Devi Narmada Sewa Yatra” of 148 days covering 1100 villages and a distance of 3 350 km – a circumambulation the way of the river, from its origin to its encounter with the sea by thousands of Predecessor Narendra Modi unveiled a plan for the conservation of Narmada in the Amarkantak May 15 – the day ends Sewa Yatra.
Dave has advised the Government of Madhya Pradesh on the conservation of the Narmada River, considered the state lifeline, and the plan was the result of that.
It was, after all, a cause that was close to the heart of David. From the earliest advocates of river preservation and an expert in the field, he founded the NGO ‘Narmada Samagra’ to help save the river from pollution and other forms of exploitation.
The connection with Narmada Dave was not only a breast activist, but he was much more emotional than imagined. Many do not know that the river for him was a symbol of their faith, which deeply loved entity. He proceeded to circumambulation river walk through rafting and fly around it – he was a private pilot licensed and flew a plane around the Narmada parikram in a single air that lasted 18 hours.

GST rate: Good news for common man, but watch out for rates on services

GST rate: Good news for common man, but watch out for rates on services

There were no unpleasant surprises. The first day of Srinagar’s crucial meeting of the Council on Goods and Services Tax (GST) has produced good news for the AAM Adami. Prices for most everyday items for a common man, including cereals, sugar, tea, medicines, vegetables, eggs, milk and cell phones, are kept at a moderate rate of 18 percent.
To clarify, a series of essential elements – fresh meat, fish, chicken, eggs, milk, buttermilk, curd, natural honey, fresh fruits and vegetables, flour, kiss, bread, Prasad, salt, bindi. Sindoor, stamps, court documents, printed books, newspapers, bracelets, labour, etc., are in the range of zero percent (read a history of economic times For the inhabitant of the city since there is no shock. Most of your favourite items, such as refined sugar, pasta, cereals, pastries, preserves, jams, sauces, soups, ice creams, instant food mixes, mineral water and tissue are in the 18 percent range. In short, approximately 81 percent of total products in January 2111 whose rates were decided Thursday are in the range of 18 percent or less.
For the sake of clarity, 14 percent of the articles are on the slab 5 percent, 17 percent below 12 percent, 43 percent below 18 percent, and 1 percent below the 28 percent limit. hundred. In the highest stretch are the items, including chocolate, masala bread, sparkling water, paints, deodorants, shaving creams, shavers, shampoo, dye, sunscreen, wallpaper, ceramic tiles, water heaters, Dishwasher, weighing machine and washing machine.
As for demerit assets like tobacco and non-alcoholic beverages, it is likely that additional money will be used to offset initial state losses.
The daily use of most of the staple items in the lower tax slabs rejects some of the GST inflation concerns in the deployment phase, only in part. The total impact on inflation depends on many tariffs on services that were decided on Friday, day 2 of the Srinagar meeting.
As this writer has said on Thursday it is very important to keep the rate on the essentials to a minimum to avoid a high inflation discharge.

EC to Hold EVM Demo of Its Own, Decide on Hackathon Tomorrow

EC to Hold EVM Demo of Its Own, Decide on Hackathon Tomorrow

The Electoral Commission will hold a demonstration on Saturday to counteract the manipulation of EVM by a multitude of opposition parties, mainly the AAP. The date of the hackathon – the open challenge of the voting panel technocrats and political parties – is also likely to be announced on Saturday.
The demo poll comes just weeks after the party panel Aam Aadmi successfully managed to hack EVM when his deputy, Saurabh Bhardwaj, gave a point-by-point demonstration on how to forge the voting machine during an extraordinary session of The Assembly of Delhi. The AAP Arvind Kejriwal and Mahajan Samaj (BSP) party Mayawati claimed that the EVM had been falsified in parliamentary elections in February and March in five states and just Delhi civic surveys concluded. The Electoral Commission had a meeting on May 12 with representatives of seven national parties and 35 States Parties to assure them that the EVM can not be manipulated. After the meeting, Delhi’s head of government Arvind Kejriwal has alleged that the polling panel had renewed its promise to make a hackathon. However, the EC said that the challenge was on and that the date would be announced soon.